Korean Terminology

Commands

Cha RyutAttention
Ba RoReturn
Ahn JoSit
Choon BeReady
ShioRelax
Shi JakBegin
ToraTurn
Dwi Ro ToraTurn to Rear
Ko Map Sum Ni DaThank You

 

Basic Stances

English

Korean
FrontChum Kul Chase
Classical Back StanceDwilo Chase
CatGoyang Chase 
Horse Kima Chase 
Cross Basai Chase 
Outward Triangle Bal Gisul A-Us Samgaghyeong Chase
Inward Triangle Bal Gisul An-Eulo Samgaghyeong Chase 
Crane Stance Han Bal Soo Kee Chase 
Fighting/Combat Stance Hu Kul Chase 
Bow StanceHwal Chase 

 

Basic Hand Techniques - Son Gisul 

EnglishKorean
Back FistKap Kwon
Middle Thrust PunchChun Dan Kong Kyuk
High PunchSang Dan Kong Kyuk
Low Punch Ha Dan Kong Kyuk 
Side PunchHong Jin Kong Kyuk
Palm Heel Strike Jang Kwon 
U-Punch Sang Soo Ro Sa Dan Ha Dan Kyuk 
Knife Hand Soodo
Ridge Hand Yuk Soo Do
Spear Hand Kwan Soo
Hammer Fist Kwan Do
Elbow Strike Pahl Koom Chi
Two Finger Spear Ee Ji Kwan Soo
ForearmPahl Mak 
Single Knuckle Punch Dan-IL Dolgi Kong Kyuck 
Upward Punch Sang Seung Kong Kyuck 
Vertical Punch Sujigson Kong Kyuck

 

Basic Foot Techniques - Bal Gisul

EnglishKorean
Front KickAhp Cha Ki
Side Kick Yup Cha Ki
Back Kick Dui Cha Ki
Jumping Roundhouse KickEe-Dan Tollyo Ahp Cha Ki
Roundhouse Knee KickTollyo Moo Roop Cha Ki 
Side Hook Kick Yup Hu Ryo Cha Ki 
Reverse Roundhouse KickPeet Cha Ki
Crescent Kick (reverse)Ahnesu Phaku Ro Cha Ki
Crescent Kick (forward)Phakesu Ahnu Ro Cha Ki
Jumping Front KickEa Dan Ahp Cha Ki
Jumping Side Kick Ea Dan Yup Cha Ki 
Jumping Back Kick Ea Dan Dui Cha Ki
Roundhouse Kick Tollyo Ahp Cha Ki
Knee Strike Moo Roop Kyuck 
Spinning Hook KickDwi Hu Ryo Cha Ki 
Spinning Back Kick Dwi Cha Ki 
Spinning Heel Kick Dwi Ryo Chit Cha Gi
Ax Kick Chik Cha Ki 
Stomp Kick Chit Pahl Gi 
Jump Split Kick Ee Dan Seupeullis Cha Gi 
Shin Roundhouse KickJeong-Gang-I Taleo Chagi 
Spin Roundhouse Kick Hoejeon Taleo Chage 

 

Block Techniques - Maki Gisul 

English Korean
Low BlockHa Dan Maki
Inside Outside BlockAhneesu Phakee Ro Maki
Outside Inside Block Phakeesu Ahnee Ro Maki 
High BlockSa Dan Maki 
Middle Knife Hand Block Jang Kwon Pahke Ro Maki 
Low  X  BlockSipjaga Ha Dan Maki
High X  Block Sipjaga Sa Dan Maki 
Double Middle Center BlockSang Soo Ro Chun Dan Maki 
Inside Outside Mid Supported BlockAhneesu Phakee Ro Jiwon Maki
Inside OUtside Low Supported Block Ha Dan Jiwon Maki 
Elbow Supported Mid Block Palkumchi Pahkeesu Ahnee Ro Jiwon Maki
Scissor Block Ahneesu Phake Ro Gawi Maki 
Lateral Low High Block Yup Ha Dan Sa Dan Maki 
C-Block (Closed Fist)Sang Soo Ro Sa Dan Maki 
Double Lateral Block Yop Sang Soo Sa Dan Maki 
C-Block (Open Hand) Sang Soo Ro Sa Dan Soo Do Maki 

 

Sweep/Throw Techniques

English Korean 
Neck ClenchMog Dan Danhi Jwigi
Double Leg TakedownSang Dali Deonjigi
Single Leg Takedown Dan-II Dali Deonjigi
Basic Hip TossHeoli Deonjigi
Roundhouse Sweep Taleo Chagi Dionjigi
Cross Leg SweepBasai Chase Deonjigi
Hook Kick Sweep Dwi Ryo Deonjigi
Crescent Kick Sweep Pahkeesu Ahne Ro Chagi Deonjigi
Scissor Sweep Gawi Deonjigi 

 

Adjectives/Adverbs 

English Korean
FrontJeonmyeon
Back Dwilo 
Left Oenijog
Right Gwonli
Forward Ap-eulo
Upward SangSeung
Downward Hahyang
TurnHoejeon 
StepDangye
Across Galo Jilleo
Invert Geokulo Hada
Spin Hoejeon
Switch Bakkuda 
Change Kyo Dae 
Vertical Suijigson
Horizontal SupYeung
Open Yeollin
Close Dadgi

 

Terminology

Tang Soo DoThe Way of the China Hand
Sah Bum NimInstructor, Teacher
DanBlack Belt
GupColor Belt
DojangTraining Hall or Studio
Do BohkUniform
HyungForm or Pattern
Il Soo Sik Dae RyunOne Step Sparring
Ja Yu Dai RyunFree Sparring
Ho Sin SulSelf Defense
Kyuck PaBreaking
Ko Dan JaSenior Dan Holder
Yu Dan JaDan Holder
Yu Gup JaGup Holder
Cho Bo JaBeginner
Mahk KeeBlock
Kong KyuckAttack
Ki HapYell (Focus one's mind and energy)
Shi SunFocus of Eyes
Chung ShimBalance
Jung KwonFore Fist
Kap KwonBack Fist
Jang KwonHeel of Palm
Soo DoKnife Hand
Yuk Soo DoRidge Hand
Kwan SooSpear Hand
Soo KiHand Technique
Jok KiFoot Technique
Cha KiKick
Ha DanLow Part
Choong DanMiddle Part
Sang DanHigh Part
AhpFront
YupSide
DwiBack

 

Hyungs

  • Ki Cho Hyung Il Bu
  • Ki Cho Hyung E Bu
  • Ki Cho Hyung Sam Bu
  • Pyung Ahn Cho Dan
  • Chil San Il Roo
  • Pyung Ahn E Dan
  • Pyung Ahn Sam Dan
  • Pyung Ahn Sa Dan
  • Pyung Ahn Oh Dan
  • Bassai
  • Naihanchi Cho Dan
  • Naihanchi E Dan
  • Naihanchi Sam Dan
  • Jin Do
  • Oh Sip So Bo
  • Ro Hai
  • Kong Sang Koon
  • Wang Shu
  • Shi Shan
  • Jion
  • So Rim Jang Kwon